BAUDRILLARD PRECESSION OF SIMULACRA PDF

Post a Comment. One of the central concepts on which the ideas presented by Jean Baudrillard in "precession of simulacra" in Simulacra and Simulation , are built is that of simulation. Baudrillard developed his notion of symbolic trade to account for the manners in which we pe rceive and organize our world. Baudrillard identifies three orders of simulacra. The first order of simulacra is that which creates the real as distinguished from representation — the map, the novel and the painting are clearly an artificial representation of reality. Baudrillard ties this order of simulacrum to the Renaissance in which the attempt to accurately represent reality was the attempt to ratify its existence regardless of representation.

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Post a Comment. One of the central concepts on which the ideas presented by Jean Baudrillard in "precession of simulacra" in Simulacra and Simulation , are built is that of simulation. Baudrillard developed his notion of symbolic trade to account for the manners in which we pe rceive and organize our world. Baudrillard identifies three orders of simulacra. The first order of simulacra is that which creates the real as distinguished from representation — the map, the novel and the painting are clearly an artificial representation of reality.

Baudrillard ties this order of simulacrum to the Renaissance in which the attempt to accurately represent reality was the attempt to ratify its existence regardless of representation. The second order of simulacra according to Baudrillard is that which blurs the distinction between reality and representation. He ties this development to industrialization and mechanical reproduction following Walter Benjamin's "Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" which allows for serial production of representations that eclipses the original.

The original loses its meaning in relation to its copies. The third order of simulacra is at the center of Baudrillard's "Precession of Simulacra". For Baudrillard the real is always already constructed.

This imagined real, which we falsely believe to be actual reality, is what we lose when we move into the third order of simulacra, that of simulation. Simulation is a real which is shielded from the difference between reality and representation. This difference is eroded in post modern times while simulation eradicates actual referents and the real as separate from representation. The referent is then reproduced but only this time "free" and independent of the sing, what Baudrillard calls " hyperreality ".

As long as we held the distinction between the real and its representation it was possible to hold on to the notion that the truth is in the world and not it the image. The real is constructed through its opposition with representation. But simulation breaks this distinction down and we can no longer claim that the truth is anywhere to be found in some objective world. Good related books:. Labels: Jean Baudrillard , summary.

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“The Precession of Simulacra” by Jean Baudrillard – a summary

Jean Baudrillard has been referred to as "the high priest of postmodernism. Examples include high fashion which is more beautiful than beauty , the news "sound bites" determine outcomes of political contests , and Disneyland see below. A "simulation" is a copy or imitation that substitutes for reality. Again, the TV speech of a political candidate, something staged entirely to be seen on TV, is a good example. A cynical person might say that the wedding now exists for many people in order for videos and photos to be made—having a "beautiful wedding" means that it looks good in the photos and videos! Baudrillard often writes in an exaggerated or hyperbolic style following his philosophical forefather Friedrich Nietzsche , so that it is hard to know whether he is serious or tongue-in-cheek. Perhaps it does not matter!

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On “Simulacra and Simulations,” Jean Baudrillard

The simulacrum is never that which conceals the truth--it is the truth which conceals that there is none. If we were able to take as the finest allegory of simulation the Borges tale where the cartographers of the Empire draw up a map so detailed that it ends up exactly covering the territory but where, with the decline of the Empire this map becomes frayed and finally ruined, a few shreds still discernible in the deserts - the metaphysical beauty of this ruined abstraction, bearing witness to an imperial pride and rotting like a carcass, returning to the substance of the soil, rather as an aging double ends up being confused with the real thing , this fable would then have come full circle for us, and now has nothing but the discrete charm of second-order simulacra. Abstraction today is no longer that of the map, the double, the mirror or the concept. Simulation is no longer that of a territory, a referential being or a substance.

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