The course aim is to provide the basics of microscopical anatomy necessary for the understanding of the mechanisms regulating the functions of tissues, organs and systems of the human body. The organization of the course is based on interactive lectures. The goal is to better define the ability to correlate specific functions to specific modes of structural organization. Ricevimento: By appointment by email: carlo. Ricevimento: By appointment by email: silvia.
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Salta ai contenuti. Salta alla navigazione. Guarda la mappa. Salta alla navigazione Strumenti personali. Cerca nel sito solo nella sezione corrente. Ricerca avanzata…. In particular, the course aims at providing the basic knowledge about the neurophysiology, the physiology of the skeletal muscle, of the respiratory, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, renal and endocrine systems, and the resulting influences arising from an increase in motor activity.
The aim of the course is to make students aware of benefits coming from a correct assumption of these substances but also of health risks caused by the inappropriate use of them. Definition of homeostasis.
Intercellular communication. Endocrine glands and their hormones. Hypothalamus-pituitary axis. Hormones of the adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis. Thyroid-parathyroid and control of blood calcium concentration.
Adrenal glands. The endocrine pancreas and blood glucose level control. Male and female gonad hormones. General properties of muscle. Skeletal muscle. Skeletal muscle structure.
Muscle contraction. Sliding filament theory. Excitation-contraction coupling. Cycle of calcium in muscle fibers.
Muscle and bones as a system of levers and fulcra. Isometric and isotonic contraction. Types and characteristics of muscle fibers and motoneurons. The motor unit. Muscle plasticity. Muscle fatigue. Energetic of human locomotion. Nerve reflexes. The autonomic nervous system. The circulatory system. Cardiac muscle cells. The potential of cardiac contractile cells. Pacemaker cells and their potential. Myocardial cell mechanics.
The conduction system of the heart. The cardiac cycle. The electrocardiogram. Blood vessels. Arterial pressure: principles of fluid dynamics. The Poiseuille law. Differential and average arterial pressure. Types of capillaries. Capillary exchanges. Functional anatomy of the kidney. Filtration, reabsorption, secretion and excretion. Urine concentration.
Renal clearance. Hydro-electrolyte balance. Acid-base balance. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Vasopressin mechanism. The respiratory system. Functional anatomy and respiratory mechanics.
Pulmonary compliance. LaPlace's law and the alveolar surfactant. Exchange and transport of gases. Breathing control mechanisms. Functions and functional anatomy of the digestive system.
Nutrition principles. Motility of the digestive system. Secretory function. Digestion of various nutrition principles. Absorption of digestion products. General organization of the nervous system. The cerebral cortex. Cortical areas. The motor cortex, the cerebellum. The basal ganglia. Biological rhythms and sleep-wake cycle. Somatosensory system.
Pain and analgesia. Sensory systems. The eye and the visual pathways. The ear and the auditory pathways. Vestibular system. Smell and taste. The vote, however, will not be the result of a mere mathematical calculation, but will also take into account the seriousness of the mistakes made, in the opinion of the commission. Editore Edi-Ermes Silverthorn D. Fisiologia Umana.
Un approccio Integrato. Casa Ed. German W. Alloatti et al. Fisiologia umana e supporti ergogenici. Informazioni utili. Materiale didattico Prof. Materiale didattico "Supporti ergogenici" Programmi aa precedenti.
Supporti ergogenici. Giovanni Grazzi LT e Prof. Fabio Manfredini LM. Via Gramicia 35 - Ferrara Guarda la mappa Tel.
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Information on the course unit. ECTS: details. Organisation of didactics. Examination board.
78450 - NEUROFISIOLOGIA
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