Exact Monte Carlo for few-fermion systems by Malvin H. Entre el infierno de una realidad y el cielo de un imaginario by Leticia Mayer Celis — — pages. National Aeronautics and Space Administration — — 90 pages. Estimation methods for grouped binary data by David Wypij — — pages.
|Published (Last):||1 February 2014|
|PDF File Size:||17.31 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||13.41 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Let me emphasise this again that as a movement we must attain a deep understanding of this technological revolution so that we are able to take correct decisions with regard to what we have to do. Log in Get Started. See Full Reader. Download for free Report this document. Embed Size px x x x x Malesela Phillemon Letlalo Supervisor: Prof. Jose Luis Hernandez Caceres Let me emphasise this again that as a movement we must attain a deep understanding of this technological revolution so that we are able to take correct decisions with regard to what we have to do Pres.
Thabo Mbeki, Rep. May their souls rest in peace. To my mother, brothers and sister, thank you for being the pillars of my strength at all times. I am your Pride today. We shall together enjoy the fruit of my labour. Acknowledgements First and foremost I would like to thank my Creator and giver of life for sustaining me for the past three years here in Cuba. I would also like to thank my wife Thulisile and my son Thulane, for allowing me to be their non-resident husband and father while studying here in Cuba.
They are thanked for the constant encouragements, support and understanding. To the Khanyi family, thank you for opening your home and hearts for me, your psycho- socio-economic support will forever be appreciated by me and my family. In the same breath, the staff members of the South African Embassy are thanked for their unrelenting support and encouragement. Last but not least, I would like to thank the South African National Health department, World Health Organization and Cuba for availing this opportunity for me to come and study here in Cuba.
Chapter 1: Study background 1. Management of health care services has become increasingly complex as scientific basis for health care has grown. Complexity also arises from the multiplicity of decision makers involved in health services. In the broader context of the health care systems, managers must make budget and staffing decisions that affect availability and access to services.
Public and private purchasers have become a primary force in the cost containment because of their decisions on the scope of coverage provided to their constituencies.
Similarly, healths insurers have to decide what services are covered, how much to pay for the services, and how much patient will pay out-of-pocket. Also, health insurers increasingly are being held accountable for the quality of care provided to their enrolled populations. These decisions affect access to services and financial burden of health care on the family.
In a perfect world, all decisions makers would have access to complete information and could use this information to make best choices for themselves, their patients, and their communities. A central role for the health information in health services management is to collect data that will after being processed provide managers and decision makers information needed for better management of their services. A major challenge is to provide information so that it can be used by all decision makers, from the highly sophisticated to those with a more limited understanding of health care.
Accurate, complete, secure patient information is essential to the delivery of safe, effective, and reimbursable health care. Health care organizations rely on Health Information Management HIM for the assurance that patient information meets regulatory, compliance, and accreditation standards. While this is not new, the means by which HIM is accomplishing these objectives is changing drastically and transforming the profession.
According to Clancey , information is constructed by people in a process of perception; it is not selected, noticed, detected, chosen or filtered from a set of given, static, pre-existing things. Each perception is a new generalization, a new construction. Despite the central importance of information, the words we use to describe what we know about the world often become entangled.
Terms like data, information and knowledge are often used interchangeably in common speech. Coiera , states that each of those terms mentioned in previous paragraph has a precise and distinct definition in the information sciences. He further clarifies that a simple way to conceptualise the difference between these terms is to think of a hierarchy of meaning.
The hierarchy starts with raw data at the bottom, moves up through information, and ends at the top with knowledge. Data consists of facts, information is processed data and knowledge in this context defines general relationships between different kinds of data.
In most cases, the important changes in the social, political and economic spheres in the western societies influence the evolution of healthcare services worldwide. In addition to the demographic changes, the increase of healthcare costs and the opening of new markets, healthcare technologies have become the central role in managing health services. Health information is an essential element in decision making. The provision and management of healthcare institutions constitute a complex company that depends to a great extent on the information for a variety of clinical and administrative decisions.
The transference of the uses of the computers in the attention of health of the countries developed to the countries developing is a very delicate subject that not always it has received the attention that deserves, especially on the part of enthusiastic salesmen or consulting companies.
The crossing of a system from a country to another one, without an exhaustive analysis of the situation and the necessities of the receiving country, often leads to the installation of an ineffective system and, consequently, to the waste of resources and the frustration of the users. The applied computer science help to take advantage of the technology to provide information in effect.
Let me emphasise this again that as a movement we must attain a deep understanding of this technological revolution so that we are able to take correct decisions with regard to what we have to do. Log in Get Started. See Full Reader. Download for free Report this document. Embed Size px x x x x
06-estadistica Aplicada A La Salud Ocupacional
Published by Ed. Seller Rating:. About this Item: Ed. Seller Inventory More information about this seller Contact this seller Published by E.